Smut fungi: a compendium of their diversity and distribution in India

Ajay Kumar Gautam1, Rajnish Kumar Verma2, Shubhi Avasthi3, Sushma4, Bandarupalli Devadatha5, Shivani Thakur4 Prem Lal Kashyap6, Indu Bhushan Prasher7, Rekha Bhadauria3, Mekala Niranjan8 and Kiran Ramchandra Ranadive9

1School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, 175028, India; 2Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, 141004, India; 3School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, 474011, India; 4Department of Biosciences, Chandigarh University Gharuan, Punjab, India; 5Fungal Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry, 605014, India; 6ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR), Karnal, Haryana, India; 7Department of Botany, Mycology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, Panjab University Chandigarh, 160014, India; 8Department of Botany, Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono Hills, Doimukh, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh-791112, India; 9Department of Botany, P.D.E.A.’s Annasaheb Magar Mahavidyalaya, Mahadevnagar, Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India

A compendium of Indian smut fungi with respect to their diversity and distribution is provided in this paper. After compiling all the information available in online and offline resources, it was revealed that Indian smut fungi comprise 18 genera and 159 species belonging to five families. About 189 host plant species belonging to eight families are reportedly infected by smut fungi, Poaceae being the most infected. Similarly, Ustilago was reported with highest number of species (48) from India that accounts for 30.38 % of total number of species. Ustilago was followed by Sporisorium and Anthracocystis. Other genera recorded from India are Ahmadiago, Bambusiomyces, Cintractia, Clinoconidium, Eriocaulago, Farysia, Franzpetrakia, Macalpinomyces, Melanopsichium, Melanotaenium, Moesziomyces, Pericladium, Stollia, Tolyposporium and Tranzscheliella. Inaccessibility of literature on online platforms and ceased publications of many journals are the reasons for the dispersed literature of Indian smut fungi. This causes difficulties to researchers, especially young and emerging mycologists working on, or starting taxonomic work on smut fungi. The present paper provides a complete account of diversity and distribution of Indian smut fungi in a single-source document, for the benefit of national and international students and plant pathologists working on smut fungi.

Gautam AK, Verma RK, Avasthi S, Sushma, Devadatha B, Thakur S, Kashyap PL, Prasher IB, Bhadauria R, Niranjan M, Ranadive KR (2021) Smut fungi: a compendium of their diversity and distribution in India. MycoAsia 2021/01. PDF