Smut fungi: a compendium of their diversity and distribution in India

Ajay Kumar Gautam1, Rajnish Kumar Verma2, Shubhi Avasthi3, Sushma4, Bandarupalli Devadatha5, Shivani Thakur4 Prem Lal Kashyap6, Indu Bhushan Prasher7, Rekha Bhadauria3, Mekala Niranjan8 and Kiran Ramchandra Ranadive9

1School of Agriculture, Abhilashi University, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, 175028, India; 2Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, 141004, India; 3School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, 474011, India; 4Department of Biosciences, Chandigarh University Gharuan, Punjab, India; 5Fungal Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Pondicherry University, Kalapet, Pondicherry, 605014, India; 6ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR), Karnal, Haryana, India; 7Department of Botany, Mycology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, Panjab University Chandigarh, 160014, India; 8Department of Botany, Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono Hills, Doimukh, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh-791112, India; 9Department of Botany, P.D.E.A.’s Annasaheb Magar Mahavidyalaya, Mahadevnagar, Hadapsar, Pune, Maharashtra, India

A compendium of Indian smut fungi with respect to their diversity and distribution is provided in this paper. After compiling all the information available in online and offline resources, it was revealed that Indian smut fungi comprise 18 genera and 159 species belonging to five families. About 189 host plant species belonging to eight families are reportedly infected by smut fungi, Poaceae being the most infected. Similarly, Ustilago was reported with highest number of species (48) from India that accounts for 30.38 % of total number of species. Ustilago was followed by Sporisorium and Anthracocystis. Other genera recorded from India are Ahmadiago, Bambusiomyces, Cintractia, Clinoconidium, Eriocaulago, Farysia,  Franzpetrakia,  Macalpinomyces,  Melanopsichium, Melanotaenium, Moesziomyces,  Pericladium, Stollia, Tolyposporium and Tranzscheliella. Inaccessibility of literature on online platforms and ceased publications of many journals are the reasons for the dispersed literature of Indian smut fungi. This causes difficulties to researchers, especially young and emerging mycologists working on, or starting taxonomic work on smut fungi. The present paper provides a complete account of diversity and distribution of Indian smut fungi in a single-source document, for the benefit of national and international students and plant pathologists working on smut fungi.

Gautam AK, Verma RK, Avasthi S, Sushma, Devadatha B, Thakur S, Kashyap PL, Prasher IB, Bhadauria R, Niranjan M, Ranadive KR (2021) Smut fungi: a compendium of their diversity and distribution in India. MycoAsia 2021/01.  https://doi.org/10.59265/mycoasia.2021-01

Received: 01.11.2020 | Accepted: 14.03.2021 | Published: 14.03.2021 | Handling Editor: Dr. Samantha C. Karunarathna | Reviewers: Dr. Biao Xu, Dr. Gunjan Sharma, Dr. Belle Damodara Shenoy.

Download PDF: Ajay-Gautam-et-al-MycoAsia-2021-01-with DOI 

Didymocrea leucaenae: A new record to Indian mycoflora

Rashmi Dubey

Botanical Survey of India, Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India, Email: [email protected]

During a field survey of Sindhudurg district (Maharashtra, India), undertaken as a part of studying diversity of litter fungi of Northern Western Ghats of India, a species of Didymocrea was collected. Based on morphological and molecular data, the species was identified as D. leucaenae. From consultation of pertinent literature, it is found to be a new record to Indian mycoflora.

Dubey R (2021) Didymocrea leucaenae: A new record to Indian mycoflora. MycoAsia 2021/02. https://doi.org/10.59265/mycoasia.2021-02

Received: 02.03.2021 | Accepted: 02.07.2021 | Published: 02.07.2021 | Handling Editor: Dr. Ajay Kumar Gautam | Reviewers: Dr. Prem Lal Kashyap, Dr. Rajnish Kumar Verma.

Download PDF: MycoAsia-2021-02-Rashmi-Dubey- with DOI

Two fungal species associated with canker disease of Jujube tree in China

Meng Pan, Chengming Tian and Xinlei Fan*

The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, P. R. China, *Correspondence author, email: [email protected]

Chinese Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) is a common fruit tree used in landscaping, medicine and timber. However, Jujube trees are threatened by various pathogens in the process of planting and cultivation. In this study, destructive canker diseases of Z. jujuba were investigated in Beijing, China. Based on morphological comparison and DNA sequence analysis, the causal organisms of these diseases were identified as Dothiorella acericola and Nothophoma spiraeae. This is the first report of D. acericola and  N. spiraeae on Z. jujuba. This study improves our understanding of fungal species causing canker or dieback disease on this economically important tree and provides insights on selecting the effective disease management strategies for Z. jujuba in China.

Pan M, Tian C, Fan XL (2021) Two fungal species associated with canker disease of Jujube tree in China. MycoAsia 2021/03. https://doi.org/10.59265/mycoasia.2021-03

Received: 28.01.2021 | Accepted: 09.10.2021 | Published: 09.10.2021 | Handling Editor: Dr. Ajay Kumar Gautam | Reviewers: Dr. Rashmi Dubey, Dr. R. K. Verma, Dr. Belle Damodara Shenoy.

Download PDF: Pan-et-al-2021-MycoAsia-2021-03-with DOI